Opaque Armoring Materials

Ballistic Charts

Armor Type Test Ammunition Nominal Bullet Mass Suggested Barrel Length Required Bullet Velocity Required Hits Per Armor Specimen Permitted Penetration
I 22 LRHV Lead 2.6g 40gr 15 to 16.5cm 6 to 6.5in 320 ± 12m/s 1050 ± 40ft/s 5 0
38 Special RN Lead 10.2g 158gr 15 to 16.5cm 6 to 6.5in 259 ± 15m/s 850 ± 50ft/s 5 0
II-A 357 Magnum JSP 10.2g 158gr 10 to 12cm 4 to 4.75in 381± 15m/s 1250± 50ft/s 5 0
9mm FMJ 8.0g 124gr 10 to 12cm 4 to 4.75in 332± 12m/s 090± 40ft/s 5 0
II 357 Magnum JSP 10.2g 158gr 15 to 16.5cm 6 to 6.5in 425± 15m/s 1395± 50ft/s 5 0
9mm FMJ 8.0g 124gr 10 to 12cm 4 to 4.75in 358± 12m/s 1175± 40ft/s 5 0
III-A 44 Magnum Lead SWC 15.55g 240gr 14 to 16cm 5.5 to 6.25in 426± 15m/s 1400± 50ft/s 5 0
Gas Checked 9mm FMJ 8.0g 124gr 24 to 26cm 9.5 to 10.25in 426± 15m/s 1400± 50ft/s 5 0
III 7.62mm 308 Winchester FMJ 9.7g 150gr 56cm 22in 838± 15m/s 2750± 50ft/s 5 0
IV 30-06AP 10.8g 166gr 56cm 22in 868± 15m/s 2850± 50ft/s 1 0
Rating Ammunition Weight (grains) Weight (grams) minimum fps maximum fps Number of shots
Level 1 9mm FMJ with Lead Core 124 8 1175 1293 3
Level 2 .357 Magnum Jacketed Lead Soft Point 158 10.2 1250 1375 3
Level 3 .44 Magnum Lead Semi-Wadcutter Gas Checked 240 15.6 1350 1485 3
Level 4 .30 Caliber Rifle Lead Core Soft point (.30-06 Caliber) 180 11.7 2540 2794 1
Level 5 7.62mm Rifle Lead Core Full Metal Copper Jacket Military Ball (.308 Caliber) 150 9.7 2750 3025 1
Level 6 9mm Full Metal Jacket with Lead Core 124 8 1400 1540 5
Level 7 5.56mm Rifle Full Metal Copper Jacket with Lead Core (.223 Caliber) 55 3.56 3080 3383 5
Level 8 7.62mm Rifle Lead Core Full Metal Copper Jacket Military Ball (.308 Caliber) 150 9.7 2750 3025 5
Shotgun 12-Gauge Rifled Lead Slug 1oz 28.3 1585 1744 3
12-Gauge 00 Buckshot (12Pellets) 1.5oz 42 1200 1320 3

 

Level KE Threat Bullet Distance Velocity*
I Rifle 7.62 x 51 NATO Ball (Ball M80) 30 Metres 833m/sec (M80)
5.56 x 45 NATO SS109 900m/sec (SS109)
5.56 x 45 M193 937m/sec (M193)
II Infantry Rifle 7.62 x 39 API BZ 30 Metres 695m/sec
III Sniper Rifle 7.62 x 51 AP (WC core) 30Metres 930m/sec (51 AP)
7.62 x 54R B32 API (Dragunov) 854m/sec (54R)
IV Heavy Machine Gun 14.5 x 114AP / B32 200 Metres 911m/sec
V Automatic Cannon 25mm APDS-TM-791 or TLB 073 500 Metres 1258m/sec
* Velocity tolerance is ± 20m/sec

 

Class Type of Weapon Caliber Type Weight (g) Test Range (m) Bullet Velocity (m/s) Number of Shots Striking Distance (mm)
BR1 Rifle .22 LR Lead Round Nose 2.6± 0.1 10± 0.5 360± 10 3 120± 10
BR2 Hand Gun 9mm Luger Full Metal Jacket Round Nose Soft Core (Lead) 8.0± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 400± 10 3 120± 10
BR3 Hand Gun .357 Magnum Full Metal Jacket Coned Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 10.2± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 430± 10 3 120± 10
BR4 Hand Gun .44 Rem. Magnum Full Metal Jacket Flat Nose Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 15.6± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 440± 10 3 120± 10
BR5 Rifle 5.56 x 45 (twist length 178± 10)mm Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Soft core (lead) and Steel Penetrator 4.0± 0.1 10± 0.5 950± 10 3 120± 10
BR6 Rifle 7.62 X51 Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 9.5± 0.1 10± 0.5 830± 10 3 120± 10
BR7 Rifle 7.62 x 51 twist length (254± 10)mm Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Steel Hard Core 9.8± 0.1 10± 0.5 820± 10 3 120± 10
SG1 Shot Gun cal. 12/70 Solid Lead Slug 31± 0.5 10± 0.5 420± 20 1
SG2 Shot Gun cal. 12/70 Solid Lead Slug 31± 0.5 10± 0.5 420± 20 3 125± 10
NOTE 1: The classes BR1…BR7 are classified in order of the level of protection offered. e.g a panel complying with the requirement specified for a certain class complies with those specified for the preceding classes.
NOTE 2: Classes SG do not necessarily comply with the requirements specified in the classes BR, as the ammunition is different.

 

Class Type of Weapon Caliber Type Weight (g) Test Range (m) Bullet Velocity (m/s)
FB1 Rifle .22 LR Lead Round Nose 2.6± 0.1 10± 0.5 360± 10
FB2 Hand Gun 9mm Luger Full Metal Jacket Round Nose Soft Core (Lead) 8.0± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 400± 10
FB3 Hand Gun .357 Magnum Full Metal Jacket Coned Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 10.2± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 430± 10
FB4 Hand Gun (see note) .357 Magnum Full Metal Jacket Coned Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 10.2± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 430± 10
.44 Rem. Magnum Full Metal Jacket Flat Nose Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 15.6± 0.1 5.0± 0.5 440± 10
FB5 Rifle 5.56 x 45* Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Soft core (lead) and Steel Penetrator 4.0± 0.1 10± 0.5 950± 10
FB6 Rifle (See Note) 5.56 x 45* Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Soft core (lead) and Steel Penetrator 4.0± 0.1 10± 0.5 950± 10
7.62 X51 Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Soft Core (Lead) 9.5± 0.1 10± 0.5 830± 10
FB7 Rifle 7.62 x 51** Full Metal Jacket Pointed Bullet Steel Hard Core 9.8± 0.1 10± 0.5 820± 10
* To achieve the stated values for [5.56 x 45], the recommended twist length = (178± 10)mm
**To achieve the stated values for class FB7, the recommended barrel twist length = (254± 10)mm
NOTE 1: When a shot is to be fired at a single point the test range may be reduced to achieve the firing accuracy as
defined in Section 6 of EN 1523. In this case it may not be possible to measure the velocity of the bullet.
NOTE 2: To be classified FB4 or FB6 the specimen shall be tested with both calibres listed.
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